Inhibitory effects of traditional Chinese medicine Shimotsu-to and its included crude fractions on adjuvant-induced chronic inflammation of mice.
Biol Pharm Bull. 1996 Jan;19(1):47-52. PMID: 8820910
Effects of a traditional Chinese medicine, Shimotsu-to (a combined prescription of cnidium rhizome, peony root, angelica root and rehmannia root), and its included crude fractions were investigated on an adjuvant-induced chronic inflammation model of mice. The aqueous extract (30, 100 and 300 mg/kg, i.p.) of Shimotsu-to reduced the carmine content, granuloma weight, inflammation cell count and pouch fluid weight in the inflammation model, respectively. The extract of Shimotsu-to without cnidium at the same doses did not produce significant changes in these four inflammatory parameters. The same doses of extracts of Shimotsu-to without peony, and without angelica, weakly reduced these parameters, except for pouch fluid weight. The extract (30, 100 and 300 mg/kg) of cnidium significantly reduced these four parameters. The same doses of peony extract reduced carmine content, granuloma weight and pouch fluid weight, but less than those of the cnidium extract. The extract of cnidium and peony at the same doses reduced in an additive manner these inflammatory parameters in their combination. These results demonstrated that the Shimotsu-to extract reduced angiogenesis, granuloma formation, inflammatory cell migration and pouch fluid exudation in the adjuvant-induced chronic inflammation model. Cnidium represented the main ingredient for producing the anti-chronic inflammatory effects of Shimotsu-to extract. Cnidium and peony exhibited additive anti-inflammatory effects in combination.