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Abstract Title:

TRAIL and Celastrol Combinational Treatment Suppresses Proliferation, Migration, and Invasion of Human Glioblastoma Cells via Targeting Wnt/β-catenin Signaling Pathway.

Abstract Source:

Chin J Integr Med. 2024 Apr ;30(4):322-329. Epub 2023 Oct 20. PMID: 37861963

Abstract Author(s):

Jing-Jing Qin, Meng-da Niu, Zhe Cha, Qing-Hua Geng, Yu-Lin Li, Chun-Guang Ren, David P Molloy, Hua-Rong Yu

Article Affiliation:

Jing-Jing Qin

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the mechanistic basis for the anti-proliferation and anti-invasion effect of tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-induced ligand (TRAIL) and celastrol combination treatment (TCCT) in glioblastoma cells.

METHODS: Cell counting kit-8 was used to detect the effects of different concentrations of celastrol (0-16µmol/L) and TRAIL (0-500 ng/mL) on the cell viability of glioblastoma cells. U87 cells were randomly divided into 4 groups, namely control, TRAIL (TRAIL 100 ng/mL), Cel (celastrol 0.5µmol/L) and TCCT (TRAIL 100 ng/mL+ celastrol 0.5µmol/L). Cell proliferation, migration, and invasion were detected by colony formation, wound healing, and Transwell assays, respectively. Quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting were performed to assess the levels of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers (zona occludens, N-cadherin, vimentin, zinc finger E-box-binding homeobox, Slug, andβ-catenin). Wnt pathway was activated by lithium chloride (LiCl, 20 mol/L) and the mechanism for action of TCCT was explored.

RESULTS: Celastrol and TRAIL synergistically inhibited the proliferation, migration, invasion, and EMT of U87 cells (P<0.01). TCCT up-regulated the expression of GSK-3βand down-regulated the expression ofβ-catenin and its associated proteins (P<0.05 or P<0.01), including c-Myc, Cyclin-D1, and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2. In addition, LiCl, an activator of the Wnt signaling pathway, restored the inhibitory effects of TCCT on the expression ofβ-catenin and its downstream genes, as well as the migration and invasion of glioblastoma cells (P<0.05 or P<0.01).

CONCLUSIONS: Celastrol and TRAIL can synergistically suppress glioblastoma cell migration, invasion, and EMT, potentially through inhibition of Wnt/β-catenin pathway. This underlies a novel mechanism of action for TCCT as an effective therapy for glioblastoma.

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