Ursolic acid derivatives as potential antidiabetic agents. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Ursolic acid derivatives as potential antidiabetic agents: In vitro, in vivo, and in silico studies.
Drug Dev Res. 2018 Jan 29. Epub 2018 Jan 29. PMID: 29380400
Hit, Lead&Candidate Discovery Protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP-1B) has attracted interest as a novel target for the treatment of type 2 diabetes, this because its role in the insulin-signaling pathway as a negative regulator. Thus, the aim of current work was to obtain seven ursolic acid derivatives as potential antidiabetic agents with PTP-1B inhibition as main mechanism of action. Furthermore, derivatives 1-7 were submitted in vitro to enzymatic PTP-1B inhibition being 3, 5, and 7 the most active compounds (IC = 5.6, 4.7, and 4.6 μM, respectively). In addition, results were corroborated with in silico docking studies with PTP-1B orthosteric site A and extended binding site B, showed that 3 had polar and Van der Waals interactions in both sites with Lys120, Tyr46, Ser216, Ala217, Ile219, Asp181, Phe182, Gln262, Val49, Met258, and Gly259, showing a docking score value of -7.48 Kcal/mol, being more specific for site A. Moreover, compound 7 showed polar interaction with Gln262 and Van der Waals interactions with Ala217, Phe182, Ile219, Arg45, Tyr46, Arg47, Asp48, and Val49 with a predictive docking score of -6.43 kcal/mol, suggesting that the potential binding site could be localized in the site B adjacent to the catalytic site A. Finally, derivatives 2 and 7 (50 mg/kg) were selected to establish their in vivo antidiabetic effect using a noninsulin-dependent diabetes mice model, showing significant blood glucose lowering compared with control group (p < .05).