Ursolic acid suppresses the biological function of osteosarcoma cells.
Oncol Lett. 2019 Sep ;18(3):2628-2638. Epub 2019 Jul 4. PMID: 31404298
Osteosarcoma is a highly malignant tumour that occurs in adolescents. Upregulation or the constitutive activation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a hallmark of osteosarcoma. To investigate the effect of ursolic acid on the biological function of osteosarcoma, MTT assay was used to detect the effect of ursolic acid on the proliferation of HOS and MG63 cells, while flow cytometry was used to analyse the effect on the cell cycle and apoptosis. Transwell and Matrigel assays were used to detect the effect of ursolic acid on cell migration and invasion, respectively. Western blot analysis and reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction were used to detect the effects of different concentrations of ursolic acid on EGFR signaling pathway-related proteins, cell cycle, apoptosis and cell migration-related proteins. After overexpression or silencing of EGFR, the effects of ursolic acid on EGFR pathway and cell biological function were subsequently detected, using the same methods. The present study identified that ursolic acid had inhibitory effects on the growth and metastatic ability of osteosarcoma cells by suppressing EGFR.