Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Diurnal suppression of EGFR signalling by glucocorticoids and implications for tumour progression and treatment.

Abstract Source:

Nat Commun. 2014 ;5:5073. Epub 2014 Oct 3. PMID: 25278152

Abstract Author(s):

Mattia Lauriola, Yehoshua Enuka, Amit Zeisel, Gabriele D'Uva, Lee Roth, Michal Sharon-Sevilla, Moshit Lindzen, Kirti Sharma, Nava Nevo, Morris Feldman, Silvia Carvalho, Hadas Cohen-Dvashi, Merav Kedmi, Nir Ben-Chetrit, Alon Chen, Rossella Solmi, Stefan Wiemann, Fernando Schmitt, Eytan Domany, Yosef Yarden

Article Affiliation:

Mattia Lauriola

Abstract:

Signal transduction by receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) and nuclear receptors for steroid hormones is essential for body homeostasis, but the cross-talk between these receptor families is poorly understood. We observed that glucocorticoids inhibit signalling downstream of EGFR, an RTK. The underlying mechanism entails suppression of EGFR's positive feedback loops and simultaneous triggering of negative feedback loops that normally restrain EGFR. Our studies in mice reveal that the regulation of EGFR's feedback loops by glucocorticoids translates to circadian control of EGFR signalling: EGFR signals are suppressed by high glucocorticoids during the active phase (night-time in rodents), while EGFR signals are enhanced during the resting phase. Consistent with this pattern, treatment of animals bearing EGFR-driven tumours with a specific kinase inhibitor was more effective if administered during the resting phase of the day, when glucocorticoids are low. These findings support a circadian clock-based paradigm in cancer therapy.

Study Type : Animal Study

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