Abstract Title:

Threshold for effects of vitamin D deficiency on glucose metabolism in obese female African-American adolescents.

Abstract Source:

J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2009 Sep;94(9):3200-6. Epub 2009 Jun 23. PMID: 19549742

Abstract Author(s):

Ambika Ashraf, Jessica Alvarez, Karen Saenz, Barbara Gower, Kenneth McCormick, Frank Franklin

Article Affiliation:

Department of Pediatrics/Division of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism, Children's Hospital, University of Alabama at Birmingham, CPP 230, 1601 Fourth Avenue South, Birmingham, Alabama 35233, USA. [email protected]


CONTEXT: Vitamin D status can influence insulin resistance. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in obese African-American (AA) adolescent females in a southeastern latitude and to determine the relationship of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] with insulin and glucose dynamics. DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional study in a University Children's Hospital. METHODS: Serum 25(OH)D, fasting glucose, PTH, serum calcium, serum lipids, serum transaminases, and C-reactive protein were assessed. Indices of insulin sensitivity and resistance were determined from an oral glucose tolerance test. Subjects were classified as vitamin D deficient or sufficient, based on the traditional vitamin D deficiency definition [serum 25(OH)D<20 ng/ml] and also by a lower 25(OH)D cut-point of 15 ng/ml or less. RESULTS: A total of 51 AA adolescent females (body mass index, 43.3 +/- 9.9 kg/m(2); age, 14 +/- 2 yr) were studied. Serum 25(OH)D concentrations were 20 ng/ml or less in 78.4% and 15 ng/ml or less in 60.8% of subjects. There were no significant group differences in the metabolic outcomes when subjects were classified using the traditional vitamin D deficiency definition. The Matsuda index of insulin sensitivity was significantly lower (P = 0.02), and insulin area under the curve was significantly higher (P = 0.04) in subjects with 25(OH)D concentrations of 15 ng/ml or less vs. those with higher concentrations. CONCLUSIONS: Vitamin D deficiency is highly prevalent in obese, AA female adolescents and may promote insulin resistance. Our data suggest that a 25(OH)D concentration of 15 ng/ml or less may be the threshold by which vitamin D deficiency confers negative effects on insulin sensitivity.

Print Options

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.