Abstract Title:

The effects of correction of vitamin D deficiency on arterial stiffness: A systematic review and updated meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Abstract Source:

J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2019 Dec 3 ;198:105561. Epub 2019 Dec 3. PMID: 31809869

Abstract Author(s):

Nai-Ching Chen, Chih-Yang Hsu, Pili Chi-Ming Mao, Gavin Dreyer, Fu-Zong Wu, Chien-Liang Chen

Article Affiliation:

Nai-Ching Chen


It is unclear whether nutritional vitamin D supplementation in vitamin d-deficient persons improves arterial stiffness. To conduct a meta-analysis of the effects of the nutritional vitamin D therapy on arterial stiffness in adults with vitamin D deficiency, the Scopus, PUBMED, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases were searched for systematic reviews conducted up to October 5, 2018. Randomized clinical trials that compared nutritional vitamin D therapy with placebo in adults with vitamin D deficiency were eligible. Two reviewers independently evaluated eligibility of all retrieved studies based on titles and abstracts. Meta-analysis was performed using random effect or fixed effects model and inverse variance method was used to calculate the effect using standardized mean difference (SMD) and weighted mean difference. A leave-one-out method was used for sensitivity analysis. The main outcome was arterial stiffness, indicated by the carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV). We identified 237 records, of which 9 satisfied the inclusion criteria of the study. Our meta-analysis included relatively high-quality placebo-controlled randomized trials. In a random-effects model, nutritional vitamin D was associated with significant reductions in the pooled difference of PWV [(SMD: -0.29; 95 % CI: -0.51 to -0.06), p = 0.01; Cochran's Q test: chi = 21.85; df = 9; p = 0.009; I = 59 %; n = 909 from 9 studies]. All sensitivity analyses yielded similar results. Nutritional vitamin D supplementation significantly improved arterial stiffness (PWV) in several subgroups by correcting vitamin D deficiency, for a study duration of ≥4 months and a daily dose of vitamin D3 ≥ 2000 IU. The study indicated that the correction of vitamin D deficiency by nutritional vitamin D supplementation may improve arterial stiffness in vitamin d-deficient persons, especially by the correction of vitamin D deficiency with a daily dose of vitamin D3 ≥ 2000 IU. However, further studies are required to confirm this.

Study Type : Meta Analysis, Review

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