Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Vitamin E for the treatment of children with hepatitis B e antigen-positive chronic hepatitis: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Abstract Source:

World J Hepatol. 2017 Feb 28 ;9(6):333-342. PMID: 28293383

Abstract Author(s):

Sirio Fiorino, Maria Letizia Bacchi-Reggiani, Paolo Leandri, Elisabetta Loggi, Pietro Andreone

Article Affiliation:

Sirio Fiorino


AIM: To assess vitamin E efficacy, defined as its ability to induce hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) seroconversion, in children with HBeAg-positive persistent hepatitis.

METHODS: In July 2016, we extracted articles published in MEDLINE and the Cochrane Library using the following search terms:"chronic hepatitis B","children","childhood","therapy","treatment","vitamin E","tocopherols","tocotrienols". Only randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published in English language were collected.

RESULTS: Three RCTs met inclusion criteria and were considered in the present meta-analysis. Overall, 23/122 children in the treatment group underwent HBeAg seroconversion vs 3/74 in the control group (OR = 3.96, 95%CI: 1.18-13.25, P = 0.025).

CONCLUSION: Although our meta-analysis has several limits, including the very small number of available studies and enrolled children with HBeAg positivity-related hepatitis, it suggests that vitamin E use may enhance the probability to induce HBeAg seroconversion in these patients. Further well designed and adequately sized trials are required to confirm or deny these very preliminary results.

Study Type : Meta Analysis, Review
Additional Links
Additional Keywords : Hepatitis B, VITAMIN E

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Sayer Ji
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