Vitexin ameliorates preeclampsia phenotypes by inhibiting TFPI-2 and HIF-1α/VEGF. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Vitexin ameliorates preeclampsia phenotypes by inhibiting TFPI-2 and HIF-1α/VEGF in a l-NAME induced rat model.
Drug Dev Res. 2019 Dec ;80(8):1120-1127. Epub 2019 Sep 4. PMID: 31486114
Preeclampsia (PE) is a leading cause of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality with few safe, effective, and minimally invasive therapeutics. Inflammation, oxidative stress, and angiogenic imbalance have been reported to contribute to PE pathogenesis. Vitexin (VI) possesses various pharmacological activities including the potent regulation of the above biological processes in different conditions. This study aims to investigate whether VI has therapeutic potential to PE and the underlying mechanisms. Sprague-Dawley pregnant rats pretreated with or without VI were fed with l-NAME-containing water to induce experimental PE. Results showed that VI decreased high systolic blood pressure and urinary protein in PE rats time- and dose-dependently. Meanwhile, VI of higher dosage (45, 60 mg/kg) corrected abnormal pregnancy outcomes, including low pup weight and low pups/placenta ratio. In addition, VI of high dosage (60 mg/kg) decreased sFlt-1, increased PlGF and alleviated oxidative stress both in blood and placental samples compared with nontreated PE group. Furthermore, VI alleviated placental TFPI-2, HIF 1α, and VEGF in PE rats. In short, the present study suggests that the inhibition of placental TFPI-2 and HIF-1α/VEGF might be one of the potential mechanisms underlying the protective effects of VI to experimental PE induced by l-NAME.