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Abstract Title:

Evaluation of Antioxidant and Anticancer Activity of Lemongrass ((D.C.) Stapf).

Abstract Source:

Nutr Cancer. 2021 Jul 20:1-15. Epub 2021 Jul 20. PMID: 34282694

Abstract Author(s):

Daiane Pan, Larissa Machado, Claudia Giuliano Bica, Alencar Kolinski Machado, Jovani Antônio Steffani, Francine Carla Cadoná

Article Affiliation:

Daiane Pan

Abstract:

Cancer is considered a multifactorial disease and its development could be associated with several factors, for example, rotenone exposition. Unfortunately, many cancers are resistant to chemotherapy, as cervical cancer. Regarding this, lemongrass is a remarkable natural product that presents antioxidant and anticancer activities, which could show therapeutic action against rotenone and cervical cancer. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the antioxidant and anticancer action of lemongrass. An in vitro study was conducted using VERO (kidney cells) and SiHa cell lines (cervical cancer cells). VERO cells were exposed to rotenone and lemongrass extract for 24 and 72 h. While SiHa cells were exposed to lemongrass isolated and associated to chemotherapy, 5-fluorouracil, during 24 and 48 h. After, levels of viability, proliferation, and oxidative metabolism were determined. The results showed that lemongrass presents antioxidant activity on VERO cells by increasing cell viability and proliferation and decreasing oxidative stress caused by rotenone. Moreover, lemongrass showed anticancer activity by decreasing cell viability and increasing oxidative stress parameters on SiHa. Besides, lemongrass had no alteration in the chemotherapy activity. Therefore,this study revealed that lemongrass presents antioxidant and anticancer activity since it can protect against the cytotoxicity of rotenone and reduce the cell viability of cervical cancer.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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