Abstract Title:

In vitro impact of a whey protein isolate (WPI) and collagen hydrolysates (CHs) on B16F10 melanoma cells proliferation.

Abstract Source:

J Dermatol Sci. 2009 Oct;56(1):51-7. Epub 2009 Aug 19. PMID: 19695839

Abstract Author(s):

G A Castro, D A Maria, S Bouhallab, V C Sgarbieri

Article Affiliation:

Food and Nutrition Department, Food Engineering Faculty, State University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, SP, Brazil. [email protected]


BACKGROUND: Porcine skin gelatine presented anti-tumoral effect on murine hepatoma cells (MH134), inducing programmed cell death (apoptosis). Whey proteins (mainly lactoferrin) have been investigated for cancer prevention and treatment. OBJECTIVE: Investigation of the inhibitory capacity on melanoma cells (B16F10) proliferation and the influence on % distribution of cell cycle phases, in the presence of various concentrations of whey protein isolate (WPI), bovine collagen hydrolysate (BCH) or its fractions. METHODS: The permeate fraction BCH-P1 (molecular mass, MM 2.5kDa) was further fractionated into five retentate fractions (R1-R5) by ultrafiltration membranes and into four fractions (F1-F4) by reverse phase chromatography. The permeate BCH-P1 and all its fractions were comparatively tested against a negative control (B16F10 cells+culture medium), and also against a positive control (B16F10+culture medium+WPI). RESULTS: The inhibitory concentrations for 50% of B16F10 cells (IC(50)) ranged from 0.19 to 156.9 mg/mL for all these proteins evaluated. The most inhibitory fractions of the BCH hydrolysate were BCH-P1 and F1-F4 with IC(50) concentrations below 1mg/mL. Changes in cell cycle phases were characterized by a general decrease in the G2/M phase that emphasizes growth arrest, some increase in phase S (BCH-P1 and F4) but a strong increase in G0/G1 phase for BCH-P1 and F4. Caspase-3 expression increased significantly in all media containing F and R fractions, and also in the presence of BCH or WPI. Apoptosis was extremely high at low concentration (400 microg/mL) of the F1-F3 fractions. CONCLUSION: It is suggested that a mechanism for tumorigenesis inhibition may involve the caspases cascade and apoptosis.

Print Options

Key Research Topics

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2024 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.