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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Whey fermented by Enterococcus faecalis M157 exhibits antiinflammatory and antibiofilm activities against oral pathogenic bacteria.

Abstract Source:

J Dairy Sci. 2022 Jan 24. Epub 2022 Jan 24. PMID: 35086699

Abstract Author(s):

Dahyun Song, Han Bin Lee, Geun-Bae Kim, Seok-Seong Kang

Article Affiliation:

Dahyun Song

Abstract:

The aim of the present study was to investigate the antiinflammatory and antibiofilm effects of whey fermented by Enterococcus faecalis M157 (M157-W) against oral pathogenic bacteria. The M157-W significantly inhibited IL-1β, IL-6, and nitric oxide induced by the lipopolysaccharide of Porphyromonas gingivalis in RAW 264.7 cells. The M157-W also inhibited the production of IL-1β and IL-8 in human periodontal ligament cells. Treatment with M157-W suppressed the phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinases as well as the activation of nuclear factor-κB in RAW 264.7 cells stimulated by P. gingivalis lipopolysaccharide. Furthermore, M157-W dose-dependently inhibited Streptococcus mutans biofilm, whereas unfermented whey did not inhibit the biofilm. Treatment with M157-W significantly suppressed gtfB, gtfC,and gtfD gene expression in S. mutans compared with the control (0 μg/mL), indicating that M157-W inhibits S. mutans biofilm formation by reducing the synthesis of extracellular polymeric substances. Collectively, these results suggest that M157-W has antiinflammatory and antibiofilm activities against oral pathogenic bacteria.

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