Wogonin facilitates hematoma clearance and neurobehavioral recovery by targeting PPAR-γ. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Wogonin Accelerates Hematoma Clearance and Improves Neurological Outcome via the PPAR-γ Pathway After Intracerebral Hemorrhage.
Transl Stroke Res. 2020 Sep 12. Epub 2020 Sep 12. PMID: 32918259
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a cerebrovascular disease with high mortality and morbidity for which effective treatments are currently lacking. Wogonin is a major flavonoid compound isolated from Scutellaria radix. Accumulating evidence suggests that wogonin plays a crucial role in anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative stress. Treatment of microglia with nuclear receptor agonists augments the expression of phagocytosis-related genes. However, the neuroprotective effects of wogonin in ICH remain obscure. In this study, we elucidated an innovative mechanism by which wogonin acts to enhance phagocytosis in a murine model of ICH. Wogonin promoted hematoma clearance and improved neurological recovery after ICH by upregulating the expression of Axl, MerTK, CD36, and LAMP2 in perihematomal microglia and BV2 cells. Treatment of a murine model of ICH with wogonin stimulated microglial phagocytosis in vitro. Further, we demonstrated that wogonin dramatically attenuated inflammatory and oxidative stress responses in a murine model of ICH by reducing the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and pro-oxidant enzymes such as TNF-α, IL-1β, and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) after ICH. The effects of wogonin were abolished by administration of the PPAR-γ inhibitor GW9662. In conclusion, our data suggest that wogonin facilitates hematoma clearance and neurobehavioral recovery by targeting PPAR-γ.