Association of vitamin D intake and serum levels with fertility: results from the Lifestyle and Fertility Study.
Fertil Steril. 2017 Jun 16. Epub 2017 Jun 16. PMID: 28629584
June L Fung
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of vitamin D intake and serum levels on conception of clinical pregnancy and live birth.
DESIGN: Prospective cohort study.
SETTING: Academic medical centers.
PATIENT(S): Healthy, nulliparous women, age 18-39 years, and their male partners.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Clinical pregnancy and live birth were compared between those who did or did not meet the vitamin D estimated average requirement (EAR) intake (10 μg/d) and with serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) considered at risk for inadequacy or deficiency (<50 nmol/L) or sufficient (≥50 nmol/L).
RESULT(S): Among 132 women, 37.1% did not meet the vitamin D EAR and 13.9% had serum levels at risk for inadequacy or deficiency. Clinical pregnancies were significantly higher among women who met the vitamin D EAR (67.5% vs. 49.0%) and with sufficient serum 25(OH)D (64.3% vs. 38.9%) compared with those who did not. Live births were higher among those who met the vitamin D EAR (59.0% vs. 40.0%). The adjusted odds ratio (AOR) of conceiving a clinical pregnancy was significantly higher among those who met the EAR (AOR = 2.26; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.05-4.86) and had sufficient serum 25(OH)D (AOR = 3.37; 95% CI, 1.06-10.70). The associations were not significant after controlling for selected nutrients and dietary quality.
CONCLUSION(S): Women with vitamin D intake below EAR and serum 25(OH)D levels at risk for inadequacy or deficiency may be less likely to conceive and might benefit from increased vitamin D intake to achieve adequacy.
CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT00642590.