Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Would carvacrol be a supporting treatment option effective in minimizing the deleterious effects of COVID-19?

Abstract Source:

Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 2021 Oct 20. Epub 2021 Oct 20. PMID: 34669001

Abstract Author(s):

Fernanda Oliveira de Carvalho, Jessica Paloma Rosa Silva, Érika Ramos Silva, Ricardo Luiz Cavalcanti de Albuquerque Júnior, Paula Santos Nunes, Adriano Antunes de Souza Araújo

Article Affiliation:

Fernanda Oliveira de Carvalho


The pathophysiological process of the disease, Covid-19, is mediated by innate immunity, with the presence of macrophages responsible for secreting type 1 and 6 interleukins (IL), tumor necrosis factor (TNF) leading to dilation of endothelial cells with a consequent increase in capillary permeability. The treatment of this disease has been much discussed, but the variability in the clinical picture, the difficulties for diagnosis and treatment, especially of those patients who have the most severe clinical condition of the disease. Immunization is an effective tool for controlling the spread and overload of health services, but its effectiveness involves high investments in the acquisition of inputs, development of vaccines, and logistics of storage and distribution. These factors can be obstacles for countries with lower economic, technological, and infrastructure indexes. Reflecting on these difficulties, we raised the possibility of adjuvant therapies with imminent research feasibility, as is the case with the use of carvacrol, a monoterpenic phenol whose has biological properties that serve as a barrier to processes mediated by free radicals, such as irritation and inflammation, due to its antioxidant action. Many authors highlighted the activity of carvacrol as a potent suppressor of COX-2 expression minimizing the acute inflammatory process, decreasing the release of some pro-inflammatory mediators such as IL-1β, TNF-α, PGE2. Anyway, the benefits of carvacrol are numerous and the therapeutic possibilities too. With this description, the question arises: would carvacrol be a supporting treatment option, effective in minimizing the deleterious effects of Covid-19? There is still a lot to discover and research.

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