Abstract Title:

Xanthohumol exhibits anti-myeloma activity in vitro through inhibition of cell proliferation, induction of apoptosis via the ERK and JNK-dependent mechanism, and suppression of sIL-6R and VEGF production.

Abstract Source:

Biochim Biophys Acta Gen Subj. 2019 Aug 3. Epub 2019 Aug 3. PMID: 31386885

Abstract Author(s):

Adrianna Sławińska-Brych, Barbara Zdzisińska, Arkadiusz Czerwonka, Magdalena Mizerska-Kowalska, Magdalena Dmoszyńska-Graniczka, Andrzej Stepulak, Mariusz Gagoś

Article Affiliation:

Adrianna Sławińska-Brych


BACKGROUND: Xanthohumol (XN, a hop-derived prenylflavonoid) was found to exert anticancer effects on various cancer types. However, the mechanisms by which XN affects the survival of multiple myeloma cells (MM) are little known. Therefore, our study was undertaken to address this issue.

METHODS: Anti-proliferative activity of XN towards two phenotypically distinct MM cell lines U266 and RPMI8226 was evaluated with the MTT and BrdU assays. Cytotoxicity was determined with the LDH method, whereas apoptosis was assessed by flow cytometry and fluorescence staining. The expression of cell cycle- and apoptosis-related proteins and the activation status of signaling pathways were estimated by immunoblotting and ELISA assays.

RESULTS: XN reduced the viability of RPMI8226 cells more potently than in U266 cells. It blocked cell cycle progression through downregulation of cyclin D1 and increased p21 expression. The marked apoptosis induction in the XN-treated RPMI8226 cells was related to initiation of mitochondrial and extrinsic pathways, as indicated by the altered p53, Bax, and Bcl-2 protein expression, cleavage of procaspase 8 and 9, and elevated caspase-3 activity. The apoptotic process was probably mediated via ROS overproduction and MAPK (ERK and JNK) activation as N-acetylcysteine, or specific inhibitors of these kinases prevented the XN-induced caspase-3 activity and, hence, apoptosis. Moreover, XN decreased sIL-6R and VEGF production in the studied cells.

CONCLUSIONS: ERK and JNK signaling pathways are involved in XN-induced cytotoxicity against MM cells.

GENERAL SIGNIFICANCE: The advanced understanding of the molecular mechanisms of XN action can be useful in developing therapeutic strategies to treat multiple myeloma.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2022 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.