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Abstract Title:

Xanthohumol protects against Azoxymethane-induced colorectal cancer in Sprague-Dawley rats.

Abstract Source:

Environ Toxicol. 2019 Nov 12. Epub 2019 Nov 12. PMID: 31714664

Abstract Author(s):

Hualin Liu, Lei Zhang, Guanghua Li, Zhuanglei Gao

Article Affiliation:

Hualin Liu

Abstract:

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a major health problem and third most common deaths in western world. Dietary interventions together with modified dietary style can prevent the CRC in humans. Xanthohumol (XHA), a polyphenol isolated from Humulus lupulus L. contains many beneficial effects. The aim of the study is to analyze the effect of XHA on Azoxymethane (AOM)-induced experimental CRC in rats. Levels of MDA were increased and enzymic antioxidants levels were decreased in AOM-induced rats. However, these levels were reversed upon XHA treatment. Further, the mRNA expressions of iNOS and COX-2 were also downregulated in XHA treated rats compared to AOM-induced rats. Further, we found that administration of XHA suppressed the wnt/β-catenin signaling together with modulation of apoptotic proteins Bax, Bcl-2, and caspase 3. We conclude that XHA can able to quench the free radicals, inhibits cell proliferation and induces apoptosis, thus it can be a chemopreventive/therapeutic agent against CRC.

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