The Emerging Choice for Infants: Evaluating the Benefits of Goat Milk Formula

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Is goat milk formula the key to better infant health? Dive into recent research findings that are challenging long-held beliefs and offering new hope for parents seeking the best for their babies' nutrition


Recent research has emphasized the importance of formula choice in infant nutrition. While cow's milk formula (CMF) has been a common choice, emerging studies, including a new study, suggest that goat milk formula (GMF) might offer distinct advantages, particularly in terms of safety and suitability for infants, a fact that conventional pediatricians have historically denied.

Study Overview

The study, a multicenter double-blind randomized controlled trial, aimed to determine growth and safety parameters in newborns fed GMF, with CMF serving as a control and a breastfed (BF) group as a reference. A total of 218 healthy term infants were recruited and randomized to GMF or CMF groups. The study assessed weight, length, head circumference, and adverse events, adjusting for potential confounders when studying the breastfed group.1

Key Findings

The results showed similar weight gain and anthropometric measurements between the GMF and CMF groups after 112 days of intervention. Both formula groups demonstrated greater mean weight z-scores than the BF group from 84 days onwards. The incidences of serious adverse events and common infant symptoms like reflux, fussiness, colic, and flatulence were similar among the three groups.

Additional Study Confirming Safety of Goat's Milk

Another recent study further confirms the safety of GMF. This 16-week multicenter double-blind randomized controlled trial observed that infants exclusively fed GMF showed similar growth and tolerability to those fed exclusively CMF.2 The incidence rates of adverse events were similar between the GMF and CMF groups. Notably, the risk of blood-stained stools in GMF-fed infants reported in previous studies was not observed, providing additional evidence for the safety of GMF.

Historical Context of Goat Milk

Goat milk has been known as the "universal foster milk," with its low allergenicity and better suitability for human metabolism. These studies support this historical view, suggesting that GMF can be a safe and suitable alternative for infant feeding, especially for those with sensitivity to cow's milk.


These studies underscore the potential advantages of GMF over CMF in infant nutrition. The preference for GMF may stem from its composition, offering better digestion and overall quality of life for infants. The confirmation of GMF's safety in recent studies supports the reevaluation of goat milk as a viable alternative in infant nutrition, especially in light of concerns about the tolerability of cow's milk.

Note: breastfeeding should always be encouraged as the primary source of nutrition for infants. Research on the database indicates that there are over 100 health conditions that appear to be prevented through adequate breastfeeding.  When milk production is an issue, then formula can provide a good option for either supplementing or replacement if necessary.  For information on how to create your own goat's milk formula, visit this resource.


1. He T, Woudstra F, Panzer F, Haandrikman A, Verkade HJ, van Lee L. Goat Milk Based Infant Formula in Newborns: A Double-Blind Randomized Controlled Trial on Growth and Safety. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2022 Aug 1;75(2):215-220. doi: 10.1097/MPG.0000000000003493. Epub 2022 Jun 6. PMID: 35666856; PMCID: PMC9278712.

2. Jung C, González Serrano A, Batard C, Seror E, Gelwane G, Poidvin A, Lavallée I, Elbez A, Brussieux M, Prosser C, Gallier S, Bellaïche M. Whole Goat Milk-Based Formula versus Whey-Based Cow Milk Formula: What Formula Do Infants Enjoy More?-A Feasibility, Double-Blind, Randomized Controlled Trial. Nutrients. 2023 Sep 19;15(18):4057. doi: 10.3390/nu15184057. PMID: 37764840; PMCID: PMC10537215.

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